I've seen the same problem in several of my posts. With images in a left-to-right sequence across the screen, the order gets reversed: 1, 2, 3 appears in Feedly as 3, 2, 1.
I should clarify: two or more separate images in a left-to-right sequence end up flipped.
I too was going to create a new post, but I'll add my thoughts here. I strongly agree: Feedly's relocating and resizing of images sometimes leaves posts looking absurd.
A problem not yet mentioned: in relocating images, Feedly also changes the sequence in which they appear. Three images in a sequence -- 1, 2, 3 -- end up as 3, 2, 1.
Another problem: Feedly in the browser also drops very small images, as happened with two of my recent posts.
Yet another problem: Feedly's arbitrary insertion (in Magazine and Card views) of YouTube content in posts that merely link to a YouTube clip. If the writer's intent in linking involves some element of wit or surprise, Feedly's insertion of an image ruins the surprise. Even if that isn't the case, I think it's inappropriate to add images to a post on the basis of a link.
I've documented these problems here:
My messages to customer support have had no replies.
I would be happy to see Feedly leave my content as it is.